Monday, March 23, 2020

6 Ways To Build Community...Even From A Distanc

This is the second in a series of videos I want to do while many of us are facing an unprecedented time of isolation. The first was about reducing stress and anxiety. If you have an idea for something you want me to talk about, academic or not, let me know on Twitter, @web20classroom

Millions of students and teachers find themselves thrust into a world of unknowns. Just a few short weeks ago kids were waking up and heading to their classroom to learn and grow in a community of learners. Now many of them are isolated at home, far from their classmates and their teacher. 

Building community is an important aspect of school culture not just now but overall. And while we may be behind computer screens trying to navigate this new world of distance and virtual learning, there are still things we can do to help kids feel a part of classroom and school community. 

And now it's more important than ever. 

More Ideas To Build Community Even From A Distance

Weekly School Email Blasts from the Principal and/or Teacher: This helps keep everyone in the loop and informed. This can be just for parents and students and another for just staff as well. Even better, record a video and post it to a school Facebook page or Twitter account.

Reflect and Share Together: Especially now we might just need to talk it out. Provide a space for kids (and adults) to share their thoughts and feelings. And it doesn't have to be about the current situation. It can be about anything. Something new learned, a new app or website, or what the dog did that day. These conversations can be text based or through asynchronous video or live. Whatever way you do it provide a platform and set aside time to just reflect. 

School-Wide Virtual Meetings: These can be done once a week and don't have to last long. And remember you can do them a few times that day to meet everyone's schedule or record them to post later. 

PLC Meetings: Yes, PLC Meetings. Teachers need the chance to check in with each other. Set aside time to meet and plan, virtually or over the phone. And don't spend all the time talking about the pains of this new reality. Talk about how you are surviving and the fun things you are doing as well. 

Celebrations: Just because many, many of us are stuck at home or in isolation, doesn't mean that life doesn't carry on. Make celebrations even more important now. Birthdays, especially with kids can be celebrated by having everyone record a video message on a Flipgrid or posted to the Google Classroom group. Staff too could do this for each other. 

There are loads more ideas in the video, but what ideas do you have? How are you building community from a distance? 

Wednesday, March 18, 2020

6 Tips For Beating Stress During #Covid19

This is the first in a series of videos I want to do while many of us are facing an unprecedented time of isolation. If you have an idea for something you want me to talk about, academic or not, let me know on Twitter, @web20classroom

Over the last the several days many adults and kids have had their world turned upside down with the closure of school and recommended social distancing to stop the spread of the Covid-19 virus. For myself, in just a matter of 3 days I went from a calendar full of travel and events to isolation in my home. Even my own daughters had school on a Friday to no school for 2 weeks to not knowing when they would return, all in the course of a few hours.

These changes can and are causing a great deal of stress and anxiety that I am hearing and feeling personally.

So I began to think, what can we do, together, to help ourselves and each other to reduce anxiety and stress during this time.

Here are some links to explore mentioned in the video.

A journal could be a simple sheet of paper or an old notebook. It doesn't have to be anything special. If you are looking for some guided journaling here are some ideas.

Home Exercise Routines

Meditation and Mindfulness

Friday, February 7, 2020

3 Ways To Encourage Creativity

A while back I was having a conversation with a colleague about creativity in learning. We debated back and forth about what creativity looked like and could you really teach creativity. All this stemmed from a comment I made about me not being creative.

Sure, I’ve written books, I talk in front of teachers and leaders often and create professional development to deliver.

But does that mean I am creative?

As educators, when it comes to creativity in the classroom, we can take the path of least resistance and take creativity out of the learning process or we can create an environment that fosters creativity in learning and allow kids to explore their talents.

Fostering creativity in learning in the classroom doesn’t have to be complex or complicated. Here are 3 ways you can encourage creativity in your classroom this year.

Encourage Choice- Imagine being given a task and being told the product you are expected to produce. Everything related to that product is dictated to you. The colors, the font, the margins, the length, the steps you should take to get to that end result. Many of us would revolt. Yet this is what happens to students in classes each day. Projects are assigned and the expectations for the end product outlined. Instead of it being a project, it's more of a recipe.

The easiest way to encourage creativity in the classroom is through choice. Allowing students to discover their own paths to content and process and products helps invest them in their learning. While content may be set by standards or expected outcomes, students can get creative in how they learn that content, the methods by which they connect that content to already known knowledge and especially in how they demonstrate their understanding.

And the ISTE Standards for Students are centered around choice. Here are just 2 examples:

  • 3c-Students curate information from digital resources using a variety of tools and methods to create collections of artifacts that demonstrate meaningful connections or conclusions.
  • 6a-Students choose the appropriate platforms and tools for meeting the desired objectives of their creation or communication.

Choice can come in many forms. Everything from the devices students use, to the apps and software to the variable methods of demonstrating understanding with technology as an enabler, the ability for students to choose is at the heart of blossoming their creativity. It doesn't mean, however, that it has to be the wild wild west. Most classrooms fail at choice because they are too open ended. Kids are still learning. They still need guidance. Practice Creativity In The Rails. Give them a handful of curated choices so they can decide the best ways to demonstrate understanding. 

Encourage Failure- Failure is only "fatal" when the learning stops at the failure. If we did everything perfectly the first time there would be no room for growth and understanding. Kids need opportunities to fail, sometimes spectacularly, in order to make those critical connections in their brains that help them learn and grow.

The Design Thinking method of problem solving, in my opinion, should replace Problem-Based Learning. In Design Thinking the first step is for students to empathize with a problem. (Normally in PBL the problem is chosen by the teacher which leaves little room for empathy.) As they work on their problem, in a real-world context, they ideate, prototype and test. They learn very quickly there are no easy solutions. They will fail. They will have to cope with ambiguity and the unknown. And it's in these struggles and failures they reach deep within and creativity shines.

Encourage Audience- One of the best ways to boost creativity in your classroom this year is to widen the audience of your students work. In the past much of the work students did lived between the teacher and the student. The student would write a paper and turn it in. The teacher would mark it up with the red pen and return it. And that’s where it ended. What if what students were creating, writing and making could have an impact on the lives of others. The only way we’ll know is by sharing.

We live in an age where sharing is as easy as creating a post, sending a tweet or making a video. You can boost the creativity on the projects and work you assign by tapping into our social side and get students sharing their work with peers, their community and the world. Posting videos to you YouTube, creating podcasts, writing a blog, and building a website are just a few examples of how students can share with the world what they know and help foster creativity. And when we know we are creating something for an audience other than ourselves think about how much harder we work to perfect it? To make it show not only the information we want to share but also who we are as a creative person.

Having transformational technology resources directly in the hands of students, not only helps foster creativity but now students have an easy to use way to publish to their own blog, a website or use something like Twitter or Facebook to share their ideas with the world.

Wednesday, January 8, 2020

Discovering (Again) The Awesomeness That Is #FETC!

January 14-17, 2020 brings us another awesome gathering of educators from all over the U.S. and beyond. Descending on sunny Miami, Florida the FETC Conference kicks off with tons of opportunities for all of us to learn, share and grow. I am honored to be a Featured Presenter again this year and will be there all week sharing and presenting along with countless other wonderful educators.

If you can't make it to Miami you can still be a part of the conference. FETC is one of my favorite conferences to attend because of the shear amount of sharing that takes place by presenters and attendees alike. By searching the hashtag #FETC on Twitter and Instagram you can already see what everyone is excited about, their thoughts going into the conference and more.

While nothing can replace the experience of being there in person you can use this hashtag throughout the conference (and the year for that matter) to see session resources, ideas, everything that everyone is sharing. Commit to taking time over the course of the next week to sit down and read tweets and posts for just a few minutes a day. You will probably learn something new, find someone new to follow and extend your learning in ways you didn't think possible!

Speaking of following there are tons of great educators who will be there too that you can follow:

This is just a small, small group and certainly doesn't cover all the awesome folks that will be there. So check out the hashtag and follow along!

Are you going to be there? I will be presenting a lot with my good friend Shaelynn Farnsworth. Check out our Featured Sessions!

Taking PBL To The Next Level With Design Thinking (Paid Workshop): Room: 244-245-Tuesday, January 14, 2020: 10:30 AM - 12:30 PM: Current educational practices often produce students who are simply Problem Solvers, instead of Problem Seekers. Sound technology integration in the classroom provides opportunities for students to hone skills in Collaboration, Creativity, Communication, Choice, and Curiosity. Problem-Based Learning, done correctly, provides students with incredible opportunities to discover knowledge and share their findings with a global audience. But what if we could go further? Join us as we will examine what makes a good PBL lesson but also how the individual facets of Design Thinking can help students go deeper.

Developing Healthy Skeptics and Fact-Checkers in the Digital Age of Misinformation (Paid Workshop): Room: 244-245, Tuesday, January 14, 2020: 4:00 PM - 6:00 PM: With ubiquitous access to information, why is it that we still have people who believe that the Earth is flat, 9/11 never happened, and vaccinations cause autism? Technology provides users with unprecedented amounts of information at the click of a button. From primary sources to catching up on the hottest celebrity gossip, readers are inundated with endless search results that are filled with truths, half-truths, fake news, bias, fallacies, and fictitious websites. To be literate in this information age, it is imperative educators develop healthy skepticism within their students. Teach students how to think, not what to think; by providing them with opportunities, strategies, and tools to hone skills to analyze, evaluate, and debunk the misinformation that they encounter daily.

Stop Drowning in Data: Four Uses to Maximize Learning (Paid Workshop): Room: 203, Wednesday, January 15, 2020: 8:00 AM - 10:00 AM: Data. Admired by some. Loathed by others. Regardless of our feelings towards it, data gathering and analysis is an important part of the overall learning process. To be truly "data-driven," educators and leaders must understand what data is, what it looks like, how it is gathered effectively and used to implement change.

The Digitally Authentic Learning Classroom: Room: 216-218, Wednesday, January 15, 2020: 1:00 PM - 1:40 PM: When we combine the ubiquitous use of technology and the near constant access to all-known knowledge, the classroom environment must change. authentic-based learning environments emphasize learning that has students identify and solve real-world problems.

Punctuating Feedback to Maximize Student Achievement: Room: 205, Wednesday, January 15, 2020: 2:00 PM - 2:40 PM: Providing effective student feedback during the learning process increases student success but is variable in nature. Maximizing the impact on student achievement involves understanding the key components, developing a culture of feedback, and addressing inhibiting factors that may occur. Deep dive into the research by John Hattie to develop a culture of feedback, learn key components of effective feedback, and learn popular ways in which technology can support the belief that all students can improve.

What Is Effective Learning With Technology Anyway? (MEGA Session) Room: Grand Ball Room C, Wednesday, January 15, 2020: 3:20 PM - 4:00 PM: Each day, students encounter learning designed with technology in mind. As educators and school leaders, how do we know if the lesson is highly effective? What does effective learning really mean anyway? Teachers and leaders need to not only know how to make learning fun and engaging but also know research-proven strategies to ensure learning is effective. When new technologies or instructional practices are introduced into classrooms, it can be a challenge for leaders to communicate how everything fits together to create a richer learning environment.

4 Ed Tech Ways To Differentiate in a Student-Centered Classroom: Room: 216-218: Thursday, January 16, 2020, 11:00 AM - 11:40 AM: When moving from direct instruction to a more student-centered classroom, care and consideration must be taken to reach all learners. Through differentiated instruction, educators rely on several different methods and techniques to ensure students are successful. Differentiation of content, interest, process, and demonstration can all serve to increase engagement and challenge students at their level. Effective technology integration provides additional support to a differentiated classroom.

May The Infographics Be With You: Room: 224-225, Thursday, January 16, 2020: 12:00 PM - 12:40 PM: In a Galaxy, Far Far Away ... had Darth Vader only used infographics the Empire might not be misunderstood. Infographics can help students (and aspiring Sith Lords) to understand data and use it to tell a story.

Evidence-Based Instructional Strategies To Use Right Now! Room: 203, Thursday, January 16, 2020: 1:00 PM - 1:40 PM: There are hundreds, if not thousands of various types of instructional strategies and pedagogical approaches to teaching and learning. Yet how do we know which ones work and which ones don't? And, perhaps more importantly, which can be supported through the use of technology?

After all our sessions we will be posting all the resources to our website and sharing them on social media as well as the #FETC hashtag and I will be sharing more stuff on my Twitter, @web20classroom. You can also follow pictures on Instagram by searching for me (web20classroom) or #FETC. 

FETC is one of my favorite conferences of the year. And whether you can in person or from a far there's lot of learning to be had!

Friday, November 8, 2019

Improving School:Home Communications With @IFTTT

Recently, I was talking with a few school administrators on how they could better communicate with their parents and the community. One obstacle that many schools and districts face is figuring out the most effective ways to ensure all are well informed and have all the information. Traditionally, notes home in a Wednesday Packet or using a website have been used. However, it seems that life sometimes gets in the way of these traditionally methods being effective. Even with mass notifications, it can be tricky to determine if communications are actually working. In my conversation with these leaders we talked about the struggles they have and how non-traditional means could be used to reach larger parts of their communities.

Now we have to remember, communications is more than just information. Sure, the upcoming athletics schedule or after-school meeting times are important. But equally important are the stories that are told through the learning that happens everyday in every school building everywhere. There are usually many great things that deserve to be told each day. Those stories can be powerful and go a long way in building support with the community.

I've been an advocate for the school leaders to be a walking PR Machine for their schools for a while now. Mobile devices we can carry in our pockets are powerful. They can take pictures, record video and audio. And combine that with access to the Internet, those can be shared across the globe in an instant. So during a walkthrough or just on a stroll through the building, it's easy to capture, tell and share those stories.

In my conversation with the school administrators one sticking point keeps coming up over and over again. While there are many great places to share these stories, it takes so much time to post them to all the various places. Sharing a tweet on Twitter, and a post on Facebook and a post on Instagram and a brief story on their blog and on and on and on, it can be overwhelming or too much to keep up with.


If This, Then That.

If you've heard me before I've professed my love for all things IFTTT. The premiss is that when you do something (take a picture, post somewhere, etc.) then something else happens somewhere else. For example, a recipe I use all the time is if a picture of me that I am tagged in on Facebook is posted there, then that picture is automatically saved to a folder in my Dropbox. I set up the recipe one time and IFTTT does the heavy lifting for me after that. There are recipes for all sorts of things. Weather, data, blog posts, controlling your lights, if you can think of something you want to happen when you do something there is probably a recipe for it.

So my love of IFTTT got me thinking.

If the barrier to using social media is not being able to keep up with them all, then IFTTT could be the answer. You set things up one time and done.

Some recipes to try:

And now with their DO Button, it's even easier.

The DO Button automates the process even more by taking a lot of the guesswork out things. Designed for photos and notes, the DO will will make it that much easier and frankly remove any excuse you have for sharing.

School:Home Communications don't have be a burden, for Public Information Officers, Principals or anyone who just wants to share the great work happening in schools. Turn to IFTTT for help and you can automate it all!

Saturday, October 12, 2019

Rebuild The World With @Lego_Education

I recently returned from a trip to Billund, Denmark. To many, a trip to Denmark is one of a lifetime. For me it was especially so as Billund is the home of LEGO. From the time I was a kid I have been surrounded by legos. I could spend hours upon hours building my own utopian town, a scene from the old west, a spaceship or something else entirely. Even in my adult life I am still surrounded by these magical bricks. Both my daughters have every LEGO Friends set imaginable and I enjoy building the Star Wars sets and LEGO Architecture sets.

During my time visiting LEGO House (their new headquarters/museum/shire to all things LEGO, the LEGO Idea House and a LEGO Factory I learned things I didn't know about the company.

Here are 5 things you might not know:
  1. LEGO started out as a wooden toy company in 1934. The founder, Ole Kirk, was a master carpenter turned toy maker who made all sorts of traditional wooden toys. 
  2. LEGO is derived from the Danish phrase "leg got" which means "Play Well." But did you also know that Lego also happens to mean "I put together" in Latin but it wasn't until years later that was realized. 
  3. The first LEGO bricks were made in 1949. Originally called "Automatic Binding Bricks" they were hollow inside which made it difficult to make more that just a few structures. It wasn't until 1958 that the bricks were redesigned and that same design is still used today creating an endless number of ways they can be used. In fact 6 bricks of 2x4 studs can be combined in 915,103,765 ways!
  4. The molds used to make LEGO bricks are a closely guarded secret. So much so that old molds are melted down and used in the foundation of new buildings. 
  5. LEGO Education has an incredible progression of STEAM inspired sets for ages 3-4 all the way through High School!
And it's that last fact I personally find amazing. As a former Middle School Science teacher I was familiar with Mindstorms. And back in 2018 I was able to attend the First LEGO League World Championships where I could see creativity with LEGO first hand and how kids from around the world used them to solve authentic problems.

However, it wasn't until I went to Billund to see first hand all that LEGO Education has to offer that I realized it's much more than robots and bricks. There is so much potential for our youngest learners all the way to our oldest to truly Rebuild The World with LEGO.

Here are the four sets and where you can learn more about them.

 LEGO Early Learning
-Core Set- 234 LEGO DUPLO BRICKS (including Push & Go train with lights and sounds, motor, colour sensor, 5 colour-coded action bricks, 2 railroad switches, 3.8 meters of toy train track including crossings, stops and 5 traffic signs, Coding Express App
-Unit Plans- Early Coding (sequencing, looping, and conditional statements), STEAM
As children learn primarily through play at this age, teachers facilitate learning by creating fun and engaging experiences that awaken and open kids imaginations. The unique LEGO Education Early Learning solutions are built for this. Using LEGO DUPLO bricks and rich teaching resources developed based on national guidelines and standards, these solutions help preschool teachers to cultivate a strong foundation for their kids within key learning areas: early math and science, early language and literacy, and social and emotional learning.

LEGO WeDo 2.0
-Core Set-280 LEGO elements, WeDo 2.0 Smarthub, WeDo 2.0 Motor, WeDo 2.0 Motion and Tilt Sensor
-Unit Plans-Science and Engineering, Computational Thinking, Maker
LEGO Education WeDo 2.0 combines the intuitive LEGO brick system, classroom-friendly software, block-based coding, and standards-aligned lessons that you can easily integrate into your existing curricula. Designed with collaboration in mind, each core set supports two students, introducing them to science, computational thinking, and engineering principles in a fun and engaging way. Teachers are set up for success from the beginning with training, getting-started activities, a teacher guide, and easy-to-follow lessons. Evaluation is made easy with a documentation tool and an assessment rubric offered within the software

-Core Set-SPIKE Prime Set, LEGO Education SPIKE Prime App
-Unit Plans-Invention Squad, Kickstart a Business, Life Hacks, Competition Ready
The newest part of the LEGO Education Series (available in early 2020), LEGO Education SPIKE Prime is the go-to STEAM learning tool for grades 6-8 students. Combining colorful LEGO building elements, easy-to-use hardware and intuitive drag-and-drop coding language based on Scratch, SPIKE Prime continuously engages students through playful learning to think critically and solve complex problems, regardless of their learning level. From easy-entry projects to limitless creative design possibilities, SPIKE Prime helps students learn the essential STEAM and 21st century skills needed to become the innovative minds of tomorrow - while having fun!

-Core Set-Education EV3 Core Set, Visual Studio Code with EV3 Micropython Extension
-Unit Plans-EV3 Computer-Integrated Manufacturing, EV3 Real-World Vehicles
LEGO MINDSTORMS Education EV3 is a hands-on, cross-curricular solution that engages students and challenges them to practice STEM and robotics skills in a “near real-world” environment. It fosters the project-based learning that high school students thrive on. And it allows for in-depth study with the autonomy to define and reach individual goals, which is so important at this stage of education. The EV3 lessons are designed to prepare students for college and their future careers in our technology-infused world. Throughout the EV3 lessons, students design sophisticated and diverse robotics inventions for real-world prototyping using the advanced features and functionality of EV3 along with the text-based Python programming language. Programming with EV3 broadens high school students’ exposure to computer science, giving them more practical experience upon which to build job-specific skills in computer science, engineering, and areas of career and technical education(CTE), such as manufacturing, information technology, and pre-engineering.

Definitely check out these set and all that LEGO Education has to offer. Give kids the opportunity to Rebuild The World with LEGO!

Monday, September 16, 2019

Why Single-Point Rubrics Are Awesome And 4 Ways To Use Them

Feedback is one of the best ways to support student learning. According to John Hattie, Feedback has an effect size of .64 and is often considered as one of the top 5 influential factors on student learning, BUT… it is also the most variable. Most of the time the feedback students receive consists of answers to the questions: Where am I going? How am I going? But neglect the third essential answer to the question, Where to next? Rubrics can support this need and provide the type of feedback, by self, peer, or teacher, to move all students forward, but not all rubrics are created equal.

Rubrics are a traditional part of most classrooms. Web20Classroom literacy expert, Shaelynn Farnsworth and I are big fans of a type of rubric you might not have heard of before, the single-point rubric. We believe the single-point rubric should be a part of every classroom and because of its flexibility, there are multiple ways educators can use them in the classroom or with colleagues.

Rubrics have been a part of the assessment toolbox since at least the mid-1990s.  In fact, we would guess that many teachers reading this post have created quite a few over the years. Traditionally they have fallen into 2 categories, Holistic and Analytic

Holistic – Criterion is written as a paragraph. Assessed overall achievement on an activity or product

Holistic Rubric Example

Analytic – Written with levels of achievement as columns and assessment criteria as rows. It allows you to assess participants' achievements based on multiple criteria using a single rubric.

Analytic  Rubric Example

But there is a more impactful and flexible rubric everyone should be aware of, the single-point rubric.

The single-point rubric was first created by Mary Dietz in 2000 and has been gaining popularity in recent years. Different than the Holistic and Analytic Rubric, Single-Point Rubrics identify one achievement level for a set of criteria. This single column based on proficiency for each identified area allows students and teachers the opportunity to provide targeted feedback instead of a circled number or grade. The clarity in success criteria (.88 effect size) not only supports self-efficacy within students but contributes to teacher clarity as well.

Single Point Rubric – Display a set of criteria written with a single level of achievement for each demonstrating quality work. No alternative levels included. Open space for feedback, goal-setting, or evidence.

On top of that, the Single-Point Rubric can be used for a variety of purposes across multiple grades and disciplines. The core content areas like math and language arts can certainly benefit from the use of the single-point rubric. But other content areas like physical education, art, music, and others can use and benefit from the single point rubric as well.

Single-Point  Rubric Example

Benefits for students
  • Increased Analyzation skills to identify areas of strength and growth [Part of the process (self-assessment)]
  • Increased Achievement
  • Increased Motivation 
  • Personalized Learning
  • Feedback before grades 
  • Student truly own their learning

Here are 4 Ways to Use Single-Point Rubrics
  1. Self-Assessment–Part of what makes single-point rubrics so effective is the focus on metacognition. Whether students are proficient in a set of criteria or go above and beyond the proficiency marker, they have to explain their thinking and provide evidence that demonstrates understanding. These reflective activities are at the heart of how students grow and both outputs have high effect sizes, Self-Reported Grades 1.33 and Self-Efficacy .71). 
  2. Peer Feedback–As a student matures in age, peers play a more important role in academics, motivation, and self-esteem. Typically, peer feedback consists of single words such as “good” or “nice” which do little to increase understanding for either. Using a single-point rubric provides a perfect scaffold for giving meaningful feedback. Research shows that when students discuss their work with each other there can be opportunities for improvement and also this dialogic learning has been shown to help background deficiencies. When done effectively, peer feedback is powerful. 
  3. Teacher Feedback on Processes, Performance, and Product–Similar to peer feedback the conferring that takes place between the teacher and student can be opportunities for growth. Single point rubrics place the focus on success criteria and evidence that demonstrates meeting and exceeding the marker. When used during the process, single-point rubrics act more as a type of formative assessment and opportunities for direct instruction based on student needs typically arise.
  4. PLC Analyzing Student Work Samples–Collective Teacher Efficacy and Teacher Clarity have the highest effect sizes when referring to Hattie’s research, but it makes sense. When teachers are crystal clear on what the learning target and success criteria are coupled with the belief that they, together as a team, can reach all students, achievement skyrockets. If you want to truly know your impact as a teacher and consistently refine your practice, all the proof you need is found in student work. Yes, there will always be outliers, but looking at student work that is consistently produced in your classroom is an effective way PLCs can work together. Student work samples provide information that allows individual educators and teams a tremendous amount of information, from instructional practices to directions given. When done as a PLC, examining student work allows educators to learn from each other, increases common expectations, and moves all teachers closer in range when assessing subjective disciplines. 

SIngle-Point Rubrics are quickly gaining popularity in today’s educational landscape. And while they can function as a traditional assessment tool, their versatility allows educators and students the ability to reimagine its use and adapt to multiple uses in the school.

Here is an example of the above Infographic Single-Point Rubric (online course released soon) in a Microsoft Forms with Branching

To Learn More

6 Reasons To Try The Single Point Rubric-Edutopia
Write Outside the Boxes: The Single Point Rubric in the Secondary ELA Classroom
Developing Single Point Rubrics For Formative Assessment